When planning for growing vegetables consider that most plants producing fruit will require full sunlight though leafy varieties will take partially shady conditions. Choose a site that is close to the kitchen so that it is easy to nip out and pick what you need. When considering the size of the plot it is better to have a small well-maintained area rather than a largely neglected one full of weeds.
Growing vegetables amongst garden plants give an interesting effect as many are ornamental. Others can be grown in containers, especially dwarf or bush varieties, and ones that take up little space such as carrots, radish, and lettuce. Just remember that containers need watering frequently, a good idea is to use a Self-Watering Planter. Greenhouses are also a popular place for growing vegetables.
Permanent crops like asparagus or rhubarb need to be planted in a position where they will not interfere with the annual cultivation of the soil. A hotbed or cold frame is best located in a corner and ensure that tall crops will not shade smaller growing vegetables.
As more and more people are becoming aware of the use of pesticides in commercial growing and realizing that many of our natural resources are in limited supply, organic gardening is becoming a’ popular alternative.’ Growing vegetables in an organic garden will produce fresh vegetables that are produced naturally and cleanly.
The soil is usually prepared in early spring by tilling or digging with a spade to create a friable, fertile, well-drained medium for growing vegetables. It should be reasonably free of stones and well supplied with organic matter which improves the soil and helps release nitrogen, minerals and other nutrients for the plants as it decays.
Commercial fertilizers can be used if desired before or at the time of planting. The amount required will depend on the crops being grown and the composition and pH level of the soil. The county Extension Agent can supply information on soil tests for your locality. Some soils with naturally high fertility may only require the addition of nitrogen or compost. Fertilizers containing small amounts of copper, zinc, and manganese are necessary only in areas known to be deficient in those elements. Leafy crops like spinach, cabbage, kale, and lettuce often require more nitrogen while root crops such as potatoes, carrots, beets, and turnips need more potash.
Seeds and Plants
It is best to buy seeds from a reputable seedsman which are disease free and also buy disease resistant varieties. They can be started indoors, in a greenhouse or cold frame, if you want to get a headstart, or in warmer areas sow directly into prepared beds in the open. If you want to purchase seedlings, look for strong plants with healthy green leaves. Start planting in spring and continue all summer so there is always something fresh and tasty to harvest.